How Soil Fertility Impacts Crop Yield

In Australia, soils are typically fragile, dry and lack the nutrients that encourage growth. Hence, growing crops in the harsh climate of Australia can be a challenging task. Studies in horticulture are finding effective ways to enrich soil with the right minerals for effective growth without the use of chemicals that are not sustainable long-term. In this article we’ll discuss ways that you can improve your soil fertility to boost the yield and quality of your crops. 

What Makes Soil Fertile?

Fertile soil usually has a certain degree of organic matter that enhances the structure of the soil, adequate levels of soil moisture, adequate levels of nutrient retention and a pH level of around 6 or 7. Just like animals need food, plants require nutrient-rich soil for growth. A deficiency in different kinds of nutrients will lead to a weakened plant. For example, soil deficiency in nitrogen will cause yellow leaves and crippled growth. 

How Can I Improve Soil Fertility?

Soil fertility restoration is the process of replacing the missing nutrients from your soil. These lost nutrients must be substituted so your plants have the best chance of reaching maturity. Soil fertility can also be restored by using organic fertilizer and organic mulches. These methods have long been used to increase the productivity of the land a crop is being grown on. Using the correct type of fertilizer for your soil type is paramount. Organic fertilizer does not contain any harmful substances that can harm the soil. Instead of using chemicals, this is a method of restoring soil fertility that is healthy for your crops. 

Companies like Soil Charge offer certified organic liquid which adds minerals and nutrients to soil. It’s extremely effective for feeding the roots of your crops and contains multiple bio-active ingredients that aren’t available with traditional soil fertilisers. 

Another method of restoring soil fertility is the use of compost. This method is one which uses waste material which is environmentally friendly and extremely beneficial in improving the soil fertility. Other useful materials that can be composted include leaves, wood shavings and pine needles.

The Different Types of Soil 

There are four main types of soil that vary significantly in nutritional value, size and density. These soil types are:

  1. Clay soils – Clay soils are referred to as heavy soils and they’re highly fertile, containing large nutritional value. However, clay soils tend to drain slowly and take a long time to warm up. It can be a very challenging soil to work with. 
  2. Silt soils – Easily compacted soil comprised highly of medially sized soil structures and drain well. 
  3. Sandy soil – Warm up quickly and can be easy to work with. However, the quick drainage means your crop will require constant watering to keep it hydrated. 
  4. Chalky soils – high degree of calcium carbonate and alkaline. 

Where Can I Find More Information on Soil Fertility?

Contact your local soil fertilizer suppliers for more information on what sort of soil fertility restoration techniques will work best for you in the climate you’re growing your crops in. If you’d prefer to order your products online, the great news is that there’s multiple masterclass tutorials out there to help you boost the quality and yield of your crop. 

Turf Installation: Why choose artificial, natural?

Turf installation on a new lawn can be more efficient if you consider all the choices available in engineered and turfgrass materials. A consultation with an expert at a lawn service provider can help you select the best grass for your needs.

Of course, there are many types of grass from which to choose. The first consideration should be how large the area will be. Properly maintained grasslands with evenly distributed shade and temperature regulation are perfect for any turf section. Still, it is hard to match the appearance of synthetic grass installed for landscape design to the various features of the garden.

Remember, a native grass, such as buffalo grass, grows quite quickly. It can take root immediately in cold, wet soil that contains a lot of clay minerals. Even in a more humid climate, the grass can take root well in the very arid terrain found on rural properties. The native grass is becoming popular in turfgrass installations because it can be altered and designed for residential uses.

The most significant alteration, however, has been the addition of Tiftuf turf. The benefits of tiftuf turf and other native grasses can be numerous. They have increased vigour, flexibility, disease resistance, and drought tolerance.

Native buffalo grass was introduced from the United States to Australia. It is now distributed in NSW, QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, WA by all turf solutions and New Zealand.  As the grass became more popular, the introduction of buffalo grass was considered by turfing installation providers and is now being used as turf by Australian property owners.

Buffalo grass has become the leading choice for new turf installation. It is faster growing than welds and is less expensive. It also has much more colour than deltas.

Another benefit of sir walter and tiftuf turf grass is their durability. Some soils contain minerals that weaken the turf, making it weak and susceptible to disease. Tiftuf turf is one of the toughest, yet naturally disease-resistant grasses. These characteristics make it an excellent choice for areas that have extremes in temperature.

There are some disadvantages to natural grass, as well. Because it is generally more expensive than other grass varieties, it may be more costly to purchase and maintain. It is also slower to develop and provides a darker appearance when it does grow. 

In turf installation, the appearance of the new fields is just as important as how fast the grass can grow. Tiftuf turf offers some aesthetic advantages over other options. However, it may be more expensive than native grass varieties, so it may not be worth the expense if the turf is intended to be used for commercial purposes.

No matter which brand of grass you choose, look for maintenance-free service providers to install the grass. One thing that is not included in a lot of installations is a perforated liner that will help absorb water to keep the sod moist. This keeps the grass healthy and maintains its colour. Be sure to check water restrictions and regulations in your local area before watering or setting up irrigation systems. 

Now that you know what varieties of grass are available, and which ones would be the right choice for your installation, contact a company that can design and install it for you. That way, you can avoid the problems associated with installation, including mowing and re-seeding.